Varieties of infrared heaters

The modern infrared heating system industry produces two types of heaters: the film version and the panel version.

The differences between film and panel emitters are only in design features. When organizing infrared heating of the ceiling, both film emitters and panels are used infra fűtés.

But to heat the floor, only film-type equipment is used.

No. 1 – panel heaters
Flat heating panels are good because they allow you to save living space with a constant room height. This is very convenient when arranging rooms with low walls and sloping ceilings.

Structurally, such devices include the following main elements:

TEN – heating element;
panel receive heat from heater and transmit energy to heated objects;
insulation located on the back, preventing the loss of thermal energy;
dish – reflecting electromagnetic waves from the back of the device;
cable entry housing , terminal block, etc.

The material for manufacturing the heater can be ceramic, quartz or tungsten. The material used largely determines the power and efficiency of the equipment as a whole. On top of the heater is covered with a decorative coating, which serves as an emitter of infrared waves.

Depending on the installation method, the panels are integrated and mounted. The first are plasterboard structures with applied thermal insulation and incorporated graphite thread.

The body of the hinged panels is made of heat-resistant plastic or glass, and the heating element is covered with a ceramic or anodized aluminum screen.

Such heaters for sale come in the form of traditional panels and more refined models, decorated in stone or natural wood. Exquisite designer products can make a valuable addition to the interior.

No. 2 – film type emitters
Film heaters are most often used if it is necessary to organize heating of the zone. For example, when arranging a loggia, organizing a work area or creating a corner for relaxing on the terrace.

Coverings of this type can be placed both on the floor and on the ceiling with walls. The only exceptions are stretch ceilings made of fabric or PVC fabrics. For suspended ceilings, manufacturers offer cassette-type infrared emitters.

The main material of the system is a thin layer of graphite deposited on a thin film of thermoplastic or carbon fibers placed in parallel, which produce heat flow when heated.

Film coatings consist of interchangeable modules, so if a separate section is out of order, it will not be difficult to replace it with a new one, without violating the integrity of the system.

To give film heating systems a more presentable appearance, some craftsmen equip them with decor. To do this, first, a drywall frame is built over the siding, over which a decorative finish is applied. The only condition is that it does not contain metal.

In advanced versions, IR heating film systems are mounted under a decorative finishing layer. Film heaters of decorative design are among the low-power devices and therefore are mainly used for local heating of one of the sections of the room.

Classification by organized elements
Infrared heating devices are found on the market in a wide range. By the method of arrangement of heating elements, they can be divided into three groups: floor, wall and ceiling.

Option # 1 – floor heaters
Floor coverings are modular materials, inside which flat heating elements are placed. The coating is available in the form of rolls. For installation, it is cut into pieces of the required size.

Insulation material and infrared film pile directly to the prepared base floor. In the installation process, overlapping of the panels is avoided and they try to maintain a distance from the walls of 10-15 cm.

On top of the floor infrared strips you can stack:

parquet board;
laminate flooring;
Ceramic tiles.

The most successful combination is obtained when ceramic tiles are used as a floor. Laminate is slightly inferior in this regard. And the greatest shielding from infrared radiation creates carpets and linoleum.

Film systems are installed not only on floors, but also on roofs under hinged structures and attic roof slopes. Installation and connection are carried out according to a similar scheme:

Infrared heating systems include not only film options, but also carbon-core flooring. Enter the rules for its installation. popular article our site

Option #2 – wall and ceiling accessories
Compared to floor heating systems, the choice of ceiling and wall devices is wider. In addition to traditional panels, there are also integrated ceiling emitter design models.

They can be mounted on false ceilings. For sale, they come in different sizes and colors.

Ceiling models of infrared emitters are located at a height of 3 meters or more. With this arrangement, the heat roof lowers and diverges slightly to the sides.

Running downward, the rays first heat the floor. Because of this, the temperature at the level of the legs is always a couple of degrees higher than in the head region. To prevent heat from leaking into the street, panels are not placed opposite the doors and windows.

Among the wall radiators, it is worth highlighting the plinth systems. They are narrow and long structures. The systems are installed around the perimeter of the room, placing instead of the usual plastic or wooden skirting boards.

When choosing a place to place the panels, you should avoid recreation areas, where there is a high probability of direct impact on homes. For example: at the level of a sofa or bed.

Otherwise, rays directed at right angles will overheat and dry the skin, causing discomfort to residents and guests of the house. The coverage area of ​​directional emitters is one of the main characteristics and is usually indicated in the product passport.

Competent team selection criteria
The main thing to focus on when choosing heating elements is their constructive solution and operating parameters. To calculate the optimal power, use the classic formula, assuming that an average of 1.2 kW is required to heat 10 meters of area.

Meet on sale and mobile installations that are convenient to use for temporary heating, place in the right place and, if necessary, bring to the site. They work with both electricity and gas.

If we compare the models of floor and ceiling types, the difference between them will not be significant, since in any case, the floor and the bottom of the walls will be heated first, and warm air will still rise upwards. For this reason, just look at how convenient it will be to place the equipment on the ceiling or floor.

Models with a built-in temperature sensor are convenient in operation: when the temperature in the room drops below the set point, the equipment automatically turns on, and when it reaches the set value, it turns off.

Preference should also be given to devices whose design allows you to adjust the slope of the radiation direction.

In general, when choosing heating elements, you should be guided by the parameters of the product, the materials from which the house is built, the presence of a different type of heating system and, of course, your financial capabilities.

But don’t be tempted by products with an unreasonably low cost. In an effort to reduce the cost of production, some manufacturers do so at the expense of quality, saving contacts and using low-quality cables.

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